A biography of carl gauss a german mathematician and scientist

Gauss later solved this puzzle about his birthdate in the context of finding the date of Easterderiving methods to compute the date in both past and future years. In his memorial on Gauss, Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen says that when Gauss was barely three years old he corrected a math error his father made; and that when he was seven, he confidently solved an arithmetic series problem faster than anyone else in his class of students. He completed his magnum opusDisquisitiones Arithmeticaeinat the age of 21—though it was not published until

A biography of carl gauss a german mathematician and scientist

Apr 30, at 3: The German mathematician, also known as Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss and Carl Friedrich Gauss, made significant contributions to several fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, mechanics, electrostatics, magnetic fields, astronomy, matrix theory and optics.

All that she could remember, was that it was a Wednesday, eight days before Ascension Day, which occurs 40 days after Easter Sunday. This was not necessarily an unusual circumstance in those days, as most parents were preoccupied with keeping their infant children alive.

Once the struggle for life was secured, the actual date of birth might have gone unrecorded. InGauss determined the exact date of his birth to be April 30,by developing a method for calculating the date of Easter Sunday, for any year, past, present or future.

Gauss was a child prodigy, according to Britannica. Grandfather was a notable exception to this. In early life he debated whether to study Philology or Mathematics and he is known for his discoveries in natural science, including electricity and astronomy almost as well as for his solution of problems in pure mathematics.

It may not be so well known that he also had decided ability in Finance. My Father said that Grandfather would have made a most successful Minister of Finance had he been called to such a place by his Government. Gauss then moved on to Gottingen University in He completed his degree in According to Britannica, his first two major publications came in the early s: Foremost was his publication of the first systematic textbook on algebraic number theory, Disquisitiones Arithmeticae.

This book begins with the first account of modular arithmetic, gives a thorough account of the solutions of quadratic polynomials in two variables in integers, and ends with the theory of factorization mentioned above.

The second publication was his rediscovery of the asteroid Ceres. Its original discovery, by the Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi inhad caused a sensation, but it vanished behind the Sun before enough observations could be taken to calculate its orbit with sufficient accuracy to know where it would reappear.

Many astronomers competed for the honour of finding it again, but Gauss won. His success rested on a novel method for dealing with errors in observations, today called the method of least squares.

Thereafter Gauss worked for many years as an astronomer and published a major work on the computation of orbits—the numerical side of such work was much less onerous for him than for most people. Gauss, ever the perfectionist, did not like to publish many of the results of his research, fearing that they were never perfect enough.

Looking at this as a major travesty to mathematics, it is the opinion of the famous mathematician, historian and mathematical romantic E.

The diary, listing discoveries, was lost for over 40 years after his death. Gauss was married twice. He married Johanna Osthoff on October 9,and had a son and daughter with her.

His first wife died in and their son, Louis, died a year later.

A biography of carl gauss a german mathematician and scientist

Gauss remarried, to Minna Waldeck, inand they had three children together. They were married until her death in He suffered from the political turmoil and financial insecurity associated with the French Revolution, the Napoleonic period, and the democratic revolutions in Germany.

He found no mathematical collaborators and worked alone most of his life. An unsympathetic father, the early death of his first wife, the poor health of his second wife, and unsatisfactory relations with his sons denied him a family sanctuary until late in life.

He did not want his children to follow him into mathematics or other sciences because he feared they would not match his accomplishments and would weaken his name. He — that is Grandfather — did not want any of his sons to attempt mathematics for he said he did not think any of them would surpass him and he did not want the name lowered.

Gauss died of a heart attack on February 23,in Gottigen in the Kingdom of Hanover. Gauss is buried in Albanifriedhof, a graveyard in Gottigen.

His brain was recently studied again in Carl Friedrich Gauss was the last man who knew of all mathematics. He was probably the greatest mathematician the world has ever known – although perhaps Archimedes, Isaac Newton, and Leonhard Euler also have legitimate claims to the title.

Gauss’s published works are remarkable. Carl Friedrich Gauss was the last man who knew of all mathematics. He was probably the greatest mathematician the world has ever known – although perhaps Archimedes, Isaac Newton, and Leonhard Euler also have legitimate claims to the title.

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (German: [ˈɡeːɔɐ̯k ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈbɛɐ̯nhaɐ̯t ˈʁiːman, geˈɔɐ̯k -] ; 17 September – 20 July ) was a German mathematician who made contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry.

Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who published over works and contributed the fundamental theorem of algebra. Carl Friedrich Gauss was born April 30 Born: Apr 30, Carl Gauss ( – ) German mathematician.

A biography of carl gauss a german mathematician and scientist

Often referred to as Princeps mathematicorum – “the Prince of Mathematicians” Gauss was influential in a range of mathematics, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geophysics, .

Carl F. Gauss was a German mathematician and astronomer who is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians. This biography of Carl F. Gauss provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Carl F. Gauss Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline