Affirmative action is the practice of giving preference to racial minorities or women in hiring or admissions. Affirmative action came to be due to a desire to bring minorities into institutions and professions that had traditionally been dominated by white males. Racial quotas for public colleges were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the case of Bakke v. Since then, public colleges seeking to increase diversity have used other types of affirmative action.
Arguments For and Against Affirmative Action "The difficulty of overcoming the effects of past discrimination is as nothing compared with the difficulty of eradicating from our society the source of those effects, which is the tendency -- fatal to a Nation such as ours -- to classify and judge men and women on the basis of their country of origin or the color of their skin.
A solution to the first problem that aggravates the second is no solution at all. Affirmative action is a way to ensure that diversity is obtained and maintained in schools and in the workplace.
In so doing it also helps create tolerant communities because it exposes people to a variety of cultures and ideas that are different from their own.
It helps disadvantaged people who come from areas of the country where there are not very many opportunities be able to advance where they otherwise could not.
In other words, it gives everyone an equal playing field. Affirmative action is a way to help compensate for the fact that, due to many years of oppression, some races "started late in the race. Affirmative action is reverse discrimination. The past discrimination against certain minority groups does not justify present discrimination against non-minorities.
All people are equal under the laws of the United States of America and should be treated accordingly.
It destroys the idea of a meritocracy and instead puts race as the dominant factor in admissions and hiring procedures. The best people for the position should be put there, regardless of race. Affirmative action reinforces stereotypes and racism because of the previous point.
People given a position purely because of affirmative action often are not qualified, and the idea that all people of that race must be "stupid" is perpetuated. Also, it presupposes that all people of the same skin color are from the lower class, and therefore need help.
This also reinforces stereotypes and even embeds them permanently into the system. People with the same skin color are not necessarily the same in opinion or even culture.
A short article containing a typical argument against affirmative action. The Government on the whole, however, has maintained a position somewhere in the middle. On the one hand, the Supreme Court has banned the use of strict quotas in universities.
However, affirmative action still remains a policy supported by the Federal Government and legal everywhere except for California and Texas, where other policies have been adopted.
Still, the debate continues on how we as an American society can truly embrace diversity.Affirmative action is when a minority is given extra 'points' or such just for being a minority.
Basically, any member of a minority group is given the advantage just for bei ng a minority. Arguments in favor of affirmative action include the following: Affirmative action is necessary to create fairness and equal opportunity in organizations because discrimination is so ingrained Affirmative action will stimulate interest in advancing at lower levels of the organization.
Since affirmative action is an ethical issue, the real question is whether or not affirmative action increases fairness in the admissions process.
Additionally, the question is raised on what role diversity plays in both the academic mission of . I wrote a research paper in high school arguing for affirmative action, and by the time I reached the end of it, I realized that I don't support the policy.I read the supreme court cases, the executive order that essentially "created" the policy, and read diverse opinions both for and against affirmative action.
Finally, those who would eradicate affirmative action because it "stigmatizes" minorities have two flaws in their argument. Stigma is the product of racist attitudes that still persist today. As a result, killing affirmative action would do little, probably nothing, to ameliorate the stigmatization of minorities.
Affirmative action is a way to help compensate for the fact that, due to many years of oppression, some races "started late in the race." Again, it helps level the playing field. A short essay which contains the typical arguments for affirmative action Arguments AGAINST Affirmative Action: Affirmative action is reverse discrimination.