Napocor announced the appointment of its new president, Maria Gladys Cruz-Santa Rita, the first female president of the state-owned power firm. Rita as one of the two new members of the board of directors of the Philippine National Oil Company. Rita, who has served the provincial government for 17 years
His ideal-typical bureaucracy, whether public or private, is characterized by: Wilson advocated a bureaucracy that "is a part of political life only as the methods of the counting house are a part of the life of society; only as machinery is part of the manufactured product.
But it is, at the same time, raised very far above the dull level of mere technical detail by the fact that through its greater principles it is directly connected with the lasting maxims of political wisdom, the permanent truths of political progress.
Although politics sets the tasks for administration, it should not be suffered to manipulate its offices". This essay became the foundation for the study of public administration in America. Ludwig von Mises[ edit ] In his work Bureaucracythe Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises compared bureaucratic management to profit management.
Profit management, he argued, is the most effective method of organization when the services rendered may be checked by economic calculation of profit and loss. When, however, the service in question can not be subjected to economic calculation, bureaucratic management is necessary.
He did not oppose universally bureaucratic management; on the contrary, he argued that bureaucracy is an indispensable method for social organization, for it is the only method by which the law can be made supreme, and is the protector of the individual against despotic arbitrariness.
Using the example of the Catholic Church, he pointed out that bureaucracy is only appropriate for an organization whose code of conduct is not subject to change. He then went on to argue that complaints about bureaucratization usually refer not to the criticism of the bureaucratic methods themselves, but to "the intrusion of bureaucracy into all spheres of human life.
The former makes for stagnation and preservation of inveterate methods, the latter makes for progress and improvement.
Merton[ edit ] American sociologist Robert K. He believed that bureaucrats are more likely to defend their own entrenched interests than to act to benefit the organization as a whole but that pride in their craft makes them resistant to changes in established routines.
Merton stated that bureaucrats emphasize formality over interpersonal relationships, and have been trained to ignore the special circumstances of particular cases, causing them to come across as "arrogant" and "haughty".
Elliott Jaques describes the discovery of a universal and uniform underlying structure of managerial or work levels in the bureaucratic hierarchy for any type of employment systems. Number of levels in a bureaucracy hierarchy must match the complexity level of the employment system for which the bureaucratic hierarchy is created Elliott Jaques identified maximum 8 levels of complexity for bureaucratic hierarchies.
Roles within a bureaucratic hierarchy differ in the level of work complexity. The level of work complexity in the roles must be matched with the level of human capability of the role holders Elliott Jaques identified maximum 8 Levels of human capability.
The level of work complexity in any managerial role within a bureaucratic hierarchy must be one level higher than the level of work complexity of the subordinate roles.
Any managerial role in a bureaucratic hierarchy must have full managerial accountabilities and authorities veto selection to the team, decide task types and specific task assignments, decide personal effectiveness and recognition, decide initiation of removal from the team within due process. Lateral working accountabilities and authorities must be defined for all the roles in the hierarchy 7 types of lateral working accountabilities and authorities: They also have a practical application in business and administrative studies.This book is about the administrative history of the bureaucracy in the Philippines.
It spans from the ’s when Spain undertook to administer the affairs of the natives of the archipelago to the ’s when the Filipinos assumed the responsibility of self-government. The bureaucracy in the Philippines Issue 4 of Studies in public administration, University of the Philippines Institute of Public Administration The Bureaucracy in the Philippines, Onofre D.
Corpuz. Read this book on Questia.
This work is a case study of the tumultuous rule of Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines from to , examining the levers of power available to absolute rulers and the development of a political economy of authoritarianism.
Oct 04, · essays philippine bureaucracy Bureaucracy Explained - Why Does It Exist And Does It Even Work? Philippines bureaucracy fuels illegal baby trade - Duration: Al . The Bureaucracy in the Philippines Paperback – by O.D: Corpuz (Author) Be the first to review this item.
See all formats and editions Hide other formats and Author: O.D: Corpuz. Banishing Bureaucracy: The Five Strategies for Reinventing Government [David Osborne, Peter Plastrik] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Co-written by the co-author of the influential book, Reinventing Government, a practical plan for permanently changing public administrations promises to increase their effectiveness/5(11).