Counter Trafficking CT Every year, tens of thousands of migrants and refugees make the hazardous journey from their place of origin in South-Central Somalia and Ethiopia through the north-eastern region of Somalia, Puntland, and onwards across the Gulf of Aden for both economic and security related reasons. Many die during the journey, while others are subjected to abuse and injury at the hands of unscrupulous smugglers. Despite the inherent dangers, the number of persons attempting to cross from Puntland to Yemen is still high and continues. Inthere was a 30 per cent decrease 65, in the numbers as compared to which recorded an all-time high of ,
Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Land of Punt. They valued its trees which produced the aromatic gum resins frankincense and myrrh. Punt is also mentioned in the Bible, and ancient Romans called it Cape Aromatica. Somalia is named for the legendary father of the Somali people, Samaal or Samale.
The Somali people share a common language, Somali, and most are Muslims of the Sunni sect. Somalis also live in northern Kenya; in the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia; and in Djibouti, to the northwest of Somalia.
In spite of national boundaries, all Somalis consider themselves one people.
It is bordered on the north by the Gulf of Aden, on the east by the Indian Ocean, on the International relations somalia by Kenya, and on the west and northwest by Ethiopia and Djibouti. At approximatelysquare milessquare kilometersSomalia is about the size of Texas.
Its coastline extends about 1, miles 2, kilometers. Somalia is hot for much of the year, with two wet and two dry seasons.
Vegetation is generally sparse, except in the area between the Jubba and the Shabeelle Rivers in south-central Somalia. A semiarid plain called the Guban runs parallel International relations somalia the northern coast of Somalia.
South of the mountain ranges, a central plateau known as the Haud extends to the Shabeelle River and westward into the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia.
During the rainy seasons, from April to June and from October to November, this area provides plenty of water and grazing lands for livestock. The Shabeelle Leopard River does not enter the Indian Ocean but instead turns parallel to the coast and runs southward for miles kilometers before drying up in marshes and sand flats.
The Jubba flows year-round into the Indian Ocean. The port city of Mogadishu, in southeastern Somalia on the Indian Ocean, is the largest city and the traditional capital of Somalia. Mogadishu was largely destroyed in the fighting between clans during the civil war of the s.
No census was taken in Somalia untiland those figures were not reported. The large number of nomads makes it difficult to get an accurate population count. Population estimates have been made based on the — census, which recorded a population of 7.
In spite of the death toll due to famine and civil war in the s, population estimates range from 9 million to About three-quarters of the people live in rural areas and one-quarter in the cities.
Ethnic Somalis make up about 95 percent of the population. All Somalis speak Somali, the official language. Somali did not become a written language until January Common Somali is the most widely spoken dialect, but Coastal Somali and Central Somali also are spoken.
Somalis frequently use wordplay and humor in everyday communication. A small percentage of Somalis also speak Italian, and a growing number speak English.
Educated young adults from well-to-do urban families may speak five or more languages. The most widely recognized symbol is the camel, because it provides transportation, milk, meat, income, and status to a majority of Somalis.
Other symbols of Somalia are the five-pointed white star on the Somali flag and the crescent, which represents the new moon and is a universal symbol of the Islamic faith.
Each point of the star represents a land that is home to Somali people: Somalis hope that one day all these territories can become a unified Somali nation.
The leopard is considered the national symbol of Somalia. Two African leopards adorn the national emblem, a five-pointed white star on a light blue shield with a gold border.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The origin of the Somali people is uncertain. Current theory suggests that the Somali originated in the southern Ethiopian highlands and migrated into northern Kenya during the first millennium B.
They then gradually migrated northward to populate the Horn of Africa by C. The Somalis are tall and wiry in stature, with aquiline features, elongated heads, and light brown to black skin.
Somali women are known for their beauty.As of , the United States maintains a non-resident diplomatic mission for Somalia in alphabetnyc.com addition, the Somalia embassy in the U.S. until recently had as its ambassador-designate Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, the former Prime Minister of Somalia..
The Federal Government of Somalia was established on August 20, , concurrent with the end of the TFG's interim mandate. "Every treaty and every international agreement entered into by any Member of the United Nations shall as soon as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published by it.".
The Horn of Africa: Politics and International Relations [Peter Woodward] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Horn of Africa – principally Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia – is the stage on which Africa’s tragedy is being played out in its most stark and violent form.
In this comprehensive history of the region. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at alphabetnyc.com Overview Migration Activities. Every year, tens of thousands of migrants and refugees make the hazardous journey from their place of origin in South-Central Somalia and Ethiopia through the north-eastern region of Somalia, Puntland, and onwards across the Gulf of Aden for both economic and security related reasons.
Mark Bradbury and Sally Healy describe the changing nature of the Somali crisis over the past 20 years: from Cold War to civil war (); state collapse, clan war and famine (); and international humanitarian intervention in the s.